Digestive System

Digestive System

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Digestive System

Your digestive system is what turns your food into the nutrients and energy you need to survive. Digestion is important because your body needs nutrients from the food you eat and the liquids you drink in order to stay healthy and function properly. Nutrients include carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals and water. Your digestive system breaks down and absorbs nutrients from the food and liquids you consume to use for important things like energy, growth and repairing cells. Afterwards it packages your solid waste, or stool, for disposal when you have a bowel movement.

Taking care of your digestion and food intake.

It starts with the gut. The intestine handles food digestion. When digesting food, it helps convert various substances that bring messages throughout the body. It also helps fight germs and controls the water balance in the body.


Common Issues

  • Flatulence
  • Burping
  • Bloating
  • IBS
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea


The liver helps in processing the nutrients absorbed from the small intestine. It is known as the “chemical factory” of the body as it takes away the raw materials absorbed by the intestine and keeps all the essential chemicals the body needs. It helps detoxifies harmful chemicals from the food and drugs that the body consumes.


The gallbladder keeps the bile from the liver, and then it will secrete to the duodenum to help absorb fats and vitamins.


The pancreas emits digestive enzymes to the duodenum that break down protein, fats, and carbohydrates. It also produces insulin.


The pylorus opens and closes during digestion. It helps the partially ingested food and other stomach content move from the stomach to the small intestine.


The duodenum handles the repeated breaking-down process.

Duodenuum Jejunum Junction

The border between the duodenum and the jejunum is the duodenojejunal junction.


The stomach acts as storage that keeps food while it is being mixed with stomach enzymes that process and break down food.


The jejunum handles the absorption of sugars, amino acids, and fatty acids.

Transverse Colon

The transverse colon also helps the body to absorb salts and water.

Right Colic Flexure

The right colic or hepatic flexure divides the ascending and transverse colon.

Ascending Colon

The ascending colon helps absorb water and nutrients from the indigestible material and form it into a stool.


The cecum absorbs the fluids and salts that remain after the completion of intestinal digestion.

Ileocecal Junction

The Ileocecal junction allows the digested food to pass from the small intestine to the large intestine. This process is under the neuronal and hormonal control.


The role of ileum is to better digest food to help the body absorbs vitamins minerals, carbohydrates, fats, proteins and water.

Sigmoid Colon

The sigmoid colon contracts to build pressure in the colon to help with the movement of the stool to the rectum.

Descending Colon

The descending colon holds feces that passes through the rectum.


The rectum connects the colon and anus. It serves as a passageway of the stool from the colon.

Anal Canal

The anal canal is the last part of the gastrointestinal tract that is responsible for the keeping and elimination of fecal content.


The appendix stores lymphoid tissue that aids in destroying bacteria to protect the intestine wall during absorption.

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